About this Landscape

Royal Air Force Station Hornchurch (RAF Hornchurch) was an airfield located in Hornchurch. Originally the airfield was built on Suttons Farm in the First World War because it was strategically placed to help protect London from enemy airships and bombers.

Whilst the area is now public parkland, some clues of the airfield’s purpose were left behind. This page helps you to think like an archaeologist and identify these hidden military structures or remains in the landscape!

About this Resource

This resource focuses on RAF Hornchurch and as well as having some landscape info and key facts, there is also several activities. It's aimed at Key Stage 2 and covers History and Geography.

After downloading the PDF resource sheets, please follow these link RAF Hornchurch on our website.

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Key Facts

At the start of the 20th century, the military had the power to requisition land in the face and urgency of war. In early October 1915, after the outbreak of the First World War, the 90 acres of Sutton Farm was officially claimed for military use because of its useful location, and a new squadron- the Royal Flying Corps-were based there.

In the 2nd World War, the pilots based at RAF Hornchurch aided rescues during the Battle of Dunkirk in June 1940 and later took part in Battle of Britain in July the same year.

After the wars, RAF Hornchurch was used as a training facility for new cadets and as depot until 1962. The site was then sold to Ford Motor Company as an overflow storage facility. In the 1970s, it was landscaped and turned into Hornchurch Country Park.

Land of the Fanns Teacher Briefing

Some sites have a Teacher Briefing available at the top of the page, but the following download is a general Teacher Briefing for The Land of the Fanns. We recommend you download this briefing before visiting any of the sites listed on this resource.

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